The Bauhaus was only active for 14 years: as the “State Bauhaus” in Weimar, as a “school of design” in Dessau and as a private education institute in Berlin. It evolved out of the arts and crafts movement and art school reforms. Its ideas had an impact well beyond the school itself, its locations and its time.
The period that led to the Bauhaus was very much influenced by approaches to education reform and by the pre-war arts and crafts movement.
In Weimar the Bauhaus was already a magnet for the European avant-garde because it was cosmopolitan in spirit and open to international artistic diversity.
The Bauhaus experienced its heyday in Dessau. Here the “State Bauhaus” became a “School of Design”.
Nazi repression and drastic cutbacks in funding made it almost impossible to work at the Bauhaus in Berlin.